Ujung Kulon national park is first introduced by an expert of botanical from Germany, F. Junghun in the year 1846, while he was collecting tropical plants. At that time the wealth of flora and fauna in Ujung Kulon are already known by researchers.
Even a trip to Ujung Kulon had a chance to enter the scientific journal a few years later. Not a lot of notes about Ujung Kulon park until the eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883.
But then the virulence of Krakatau eruption that produced a tsunami wave height of approximately 15 meters has devastated not only settlements in Ujung Kulon, but also the wildlife and vegetation there.
Although the eruption of Mount Krakatau had swept Ujung Kulon, but a few years later it was discovered that the ecosystem, vegetation, and the wildlife in Ujung Kulon rapidly going well.
Ujung Kulon National Park is located in the province of Banten which became the most western part of the island of Java. The national park also includes Krakatau and some smaller surrounding islands.
This park has approximately 443 square kilometers beyond the beginning of the Ujung Kulon peninsula to the Indian Ocean therefore the Ujung Kulon is a national park that is partly the area is the sea.
Ujung Kulon national park became the first national park that was established in Indonesia and has been named as one of UNESCO world heritage in 1991 as protection forests are very broad and is currently the last habitat for rhinos living in Indonesia.
Before it became a national park, Ujung Kulon is an agricultural area. But eventually the area destroyed and all its inhabitants died from the devastating eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883.
So after that the region back into the forest. Before becoming a national park and designated as a world natural heritage site by UNESCO, Ujung Kulon experiences many times reshuffle, research, structuring, and so forth for the benefit of the ecosystem, animal welfare, as well as national park.
There are also many types of flora with various formations in this national park. Each formation characterized by the dominance of certain species.
Then there is flora that grows only in Ujung Kulon include Batryohora geniculata, Cleidion spiciflorum, Heritera percoriacea, and Knema globularia.
Here also has a variety of wildlife species that are endemic and it is important to be protected among other Java rhino, Java gibbon, Javanese deer, and coyotes. This place is an important habitat of Java rhino because this is where the rhinos can breed naturally.